How does a torpedo explode?
What happens if a torpedo misses?
the sensor of the torpedo senses the miss and immediately detonates itself. Even if the other vessel manages not to get hit it's going to get hit by the shockwave and perhaps the shrapnel from the exploding torpedo.
How does a torpedo explode?
1 – The initial explosion of the torpedo's warhead causes a large gas bubble to form. Because this bubble expands so quickly, it forms a shockwave. Once this bubble/shock wave strikes the ship's hull, it punches the hull plates in, rupturing the hull. ... Next, the shockwave travels through the ship itself.Sep 15, 2019
Are torpedoes explosive?
In modern language, a "torpedo" is an underwater self-propelled explosive, but historically, the term also applied to primitive naval mines.
How big is a torpedo explosion?
For explosions typical of a torpedo, say 500-1500 lbs charge and 30-50 ft depth, the resulting maximum bubble is 50-60 ft diameter. (5) The bubble size is relatively insensitive to charge weight and depth within the range of expected torpedo charges and depths.Jul 4, 2017
How much explosive is in a torpedo?
The torpedo weighs 276kg and can be integrated with a 44kg high-explosive warhead and with the AN/AQS-22 Airborne Low Frequency Sonar. The propulsion system powered by liquid propellant provides the torpedo a maximum speed of 40kt.Jun 8, 2014
What powers do torpedoes have?
Thermal torpedoes use a fuel, such as OTTO Fuel II, which can be burned without an external oxygen source. A gas turbine or axial piston engine converts this fuel into torque that spins counter-rotating propellers, propelling the torpedo up to speeds in excess of 60 knots.Apr 14, 2020
Why do torpedoes not sink?
they are actually sinking, rather than floating. Designers make such weapons with carefully ballasted weight so that the device is level and just slightly heavier than neutrally buoyant. This makes then use slight upwards fins when driving forward. Not too light so they don't breach the surface.
What fuel do torpedoes use?
Otto Fuel II is a distinct-smelling, reddish-orange, oily liquid that the U.S. Navy uses as a fuel for torpedoes and other weapon systems. It is a mixture of three synthetic substances: propylene glycol dinitrate (the major component), 2 nitrodiphenylamine, and dibutyl sebacate.
Why is it called a torpedo?
During the Napoleonic Wars the American inventor Robert Fulton experimented with a naval mine and called it a torpedo, apparently deriving its name from a fish that emits an electric discharge that incapacitates its enemies.
How are torpedoes launched?
Open the equalizing valve to equalize pressure in the tube with ambient sea pressure. ... When the launch command is given and all interlocks are satisfied, the water ram operates, thrusting a large volume of water into the tube at high pressure, which ejects the torpedo from the tube with considerable force.
How fast do torpedoes travel?
The VA-111 Shkval (from Russian: шквал, squall) torpedo and its descendants are supercavitating torpedoes originally developed by the Soviet Union. They are capable of speeds in excess of 200 knots (370 km/h or 230 miles/h).
Are torpedoes nuclear?
A nuclear torpedo is a torpedo armed with a nuclear warhead. ... The only nuclear warhead torpedo used by the United States was the Mark 45 torpedo. The Soviet Union widely deployed T5 nuclear torpedoes in 1958 and the U.S. deployed its Mark 45 torpedo in 1963.
Can a torpedo sink an aircraft carrier?
Unlike the numerous aerial bombs or cannon shells required to sink large warships, just one or two torpedo hits could and sometimes did suffice to sink huge aircraft carriers and battleships.Jul 8, 2020
What caused the Thetis submarine to explode?What caused the Thetis submarine to explode?
The accident was believed to have been caused by an inadvertent activation of the battery of a Mark 37 torpedo or a torpedo explosion. The Thetis (N25) was a Group 1 T-class submarine built by Cammell Laird shipyard. The submarine was launched in June 1938 and embarked on sea trails in 1939.
What caused the Kursk submarine to explode?What caused the Kursk submarine to explode?
Kursk was one of the 30 vessels that took part in the “Summer-X” exercise. The submarine suffered an explosion while preparing to fire dummy torpedoes during the exercise. The leakage of high-test peroxide (HTP) from one of the Type 65 torpedoes was believed to have caused the explosion.
How far did the submarine move after the explosion?How far did the submarine move after the explosion?
69°36′N 37°34′E, showed that the boat had moved about 400 m (1,300 ft) from the site of the initial explosion. It was enough time for the submarine to sink to a depth of 108 m (354 ft) and remain on the sea floor for a short period.
How deep was the submarine Thresher when it sank?How deep was the submarine Thresher when it sank?
The submarine was travelling in a depth of about 1,300ft at the time of the accident. The bathyscaph Trieste working alongside the oceanographic ship Mizar and other vessels deployed in an extensive underwater search found the wreckage of Thresher on the sea floor, at a depth of 8,400ft.